2009年12月1日火曜日

波力発電: by vattenfall.com

波力発電: by vattenfall.com

【出展引用リンク】: Photo: A buoy connected to a wave energy converter.




http://www.vattenfall.com/www/vf_com/vf_com/365787ourxc/366203opera/366779resea/1815987a/1818531ocean/index.jsp


The aim is to meet the demands of our customers

As part of this focus we have initiated a Research and Development programme in ocean energy. The aim of Vattenfall’s Ocean energy programme is to meet the demands and expectations of our customers.We also want to ensure that we are the benchmark of the industry when ocean energy reaches its commercial phase. Our goal is to own and operate commercially viable ocean energy farms.Ocean energy is a renewable energy source, in which electricity can be generated from thermal differences, tidal streams, waves or differences in salinity. This means that the ‘fuel’ is inexhaustible and free. Moreover, the operation of ocean energy converters does not emit carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.Our activities in the field of ocean energy support Vattenfall’s strategic direction of ‘making electricity clean’, and our goal of becoming a climate neutral company by 2050.

Wave power – potentials and challenges

Right now we are focusing on wave power. Wave power is an unexploited renewable energy source that has several attractive features:
  • There is a huge global theoretical potential for energy from the waves, in the order of several thousands of TWh. Even if only a small part of wave potential can be exploited this will still mean potential of several hundreds of TWh. The total annual electricity consumption in Sweden is approximately 135 TWh.
  • Waves have a longer duration than winds, and tend to shift in their incidence to a greater extent compared to winds. This means that electricity can be generated from the waves after winds have died out. It also means that wave power complements – rather than competes with – wind power.
  • The environmental and visual impacts of offshore wave power farms are expected to be low.
Nonetheless, wave power is still an immature technology, and challenges lie ahead. The sea is a harsh environment and the demands on any successful wave power device will be severe. Devices must be able to survive the worst storms, and be able to function with a minimum of maintenance, since weather conditions will limit access. They also need to have an acceptable economic performance to be commercially viable.Other challenges relate to infrastructure and regulatory issues. Promising locations for wave power are often in areas with a weak power distribution grid. This practical issue will need to be overcome before any large-scale introduction is feasible. Other areas to consider are the effects of wave power on the environment, and the permit application processes.Since wave power is a new source of energy, little practical experience has been assessed concerning its impact on the environment, nor of the processes and level of detail involved in the granting of permits for wave energy farms.

Market conditions

The best conditions for wave energy are on exposed west coasts in the temperate zones. The temperature differences give rise to winds, which in turn produce waves that increase in height as they near the land. Relate this to Vattenfall’s core markets, the most interesting areas are Ireland, the UK (primarily Scotland) and Norway.However, in the initial phase there is a need for market subsidies for wave energy, which the Irish and Scottish governments in particular have recognised. Therefore Ireland and Scotland are today interesting markets for Vattenfall.Vattenfall has established a site development company – Tonn – in Ireland, together with the Irish wave power developer Wavebob. Tonn is currently in the process of applying for sites on the Irish west coast. We are also in the process of establishing another similar company in UK.

Development phases

Vattenfall is presently in the first of three development phases. We are working predominantly with pilot tests, establishing sites, obtaining permits for wave power sites and broadening our expertise. This first phase is estimated to continue until 2011. The second phase will focus on developing and operating demonstration wave power farms. The demonstration units will be multiple wave energy converters, with an aggregate rating of 5 to 10 MW.The second phase also includes securing permits for future commercial farms that will be in the range of 100 MW or larger. This phase is estimated to run between 2012 and 2018. The third phase is the commercial stage, involving the establishment of large-scale ocean energy farms. We expect wave power to become commercial at some time between 2019 and 2022.

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【同上プラン:動画リンク】:

http://www.vattenfall.com/www/vf_com/vf_com/Gemeinsame_Inhalte/DOCUMENT/360168vatt/1865554mov/P02.wmv

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【引用終わり】以上の通り
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東海大学 船舶海洋工学科のホームページ:【新海洋工学と発電船構想】寺尾裕

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寺尾先生が研究プロジェクト「新海洋工学と発電船構想」を提案されました。その概要をお知りになりたい方は下のアドレスをクリックして下さい。PDFファイルで開きます。


クリック → 新海洋工学と発電船構想


船舶海洋工学科では、工学の基礎をしっかり身につけ、海洋の調査、利用、開発システムに関する技術を幅広く学んでいきます。

人類は昔から、海洋を漁業および海上交通・輸送のために利用してきましたが、近年、地球規模の環境問題のための海洋調査、海洋に賦存する資源・エネルギー・空間の利用、開発の重要性が強く認識されるようになって来ました。

船舶海洋工学科では、このような目的のためのシステム技術と、そのもとになる工学の基礎を学びます。

本学科では、このような教育体系を通して専門的な知識の修得のみならず、豊富な実験、実習により問題の発見と解決能力を身につけた人材の育成を教育目標としています。

こうした能力を身につけた卒業生は造船・物流、通信、官公庁(運輸省、防衛庁)、船舶検査(船級協会、小型船舶検査機構)など多方面で活躍しています。

これからのみなさんの活躍にも期待しています。





http://www.scc.u-tokai.ac.jp/ocean/ku/download/Project.pdf


http://www.scc.u-tokai.ac.jp/images/top/img_welcome02.jpg




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